The areas under cultivation belonging to members of the Maixei cooperative are situated along the Nervia and Crosia valleys in the province of Imperia in the Italian Riviera.
Grape growing and winemaking in Liguria are activities undertaken mainly by people with small plots of land which are often divided due to the nature of the terrain.
The wineries that form part of the cooperative - the ‘Cooperativa Riviera dei Fiori’ – are located in areas of the municipalities of Apricale, Baiardo, Camporosso, Castelvittorio, Dolceacqua, Isolabona, Perinaldo, Pigna, Rocchetta Nervina, S.Biagio della Cima, Soldano and several zones in the municipalities of Vallecrosia, Ventimiglia and Vallebona.
In order to become more productive and competitive, the wineries of Rossese di Dolceacqua joined to form a cooperative in 1978.
The vineyards are situated in foothills ranging from 300 to 600 m above sea level on slopes maintained by dry stone walling, known as “maixei” in local dialect. Each vineyard has slightly different features from neighbouring vineyards depending on a variety of factors such as the nature of the terrain or exposure. The vines are mainly cultivated using the “alberello” system to ensure that the bunches of grapes are shaded and protected from the sun’s rays during the hottest parts of the day.
The Rossese vine has a large leaf with five lobes. The fairly large pine cone-shaped bunches of fruit grow in clusters and the grapes are round, dark purple and slightly waxy.
95% of the grapes used for the wine must be Rossese and can be completed with other non-aromatic local red grape cultivars in the vineyards (maximum 5%). The maximum yield per hectare is 90 quintals.
Rossese di Dolceacqua received D.O.C. classification (Registered Designation of Origin) in 1972, an objective achieved both due to its long tradition and to the authenticity of the vine and its area of cultivation.
“The Italian Riviera ,
a mixture of tradition